Information concerning the outcomes and consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse:
- Adults sexually abused as children have poorer mental health than other adults. They are more likely to have a history of eating disorders, depression, substance abuse, and suicide attempts. Sexual abuse is also associated with financial problems in adulthood, and a decreased likelihood to graduate from high school or undertake further education (Silverman, Reinherz et al. 1996).
The following statistics are all findings of lengthy studies with large groups of participants concerning outcomes of CSA (Childhood sexual abuse): Content edited:
- Significant associations were found between CSA and increased levels of PTSD symptoms and school difficulties. Abused boys reported significantly more sadness then other children.
Compared with physical abuse and neglect, CSA was found to carry the greatest risk of depression and suicide, independently of environment and parent and child characteristics.
- Significant associations were found between CSA and higher rates of major depression, anxiety disorder, conduct disorder, substance use disorder, and suicidal behavior. Those whose abuse involved intercourse had the highest risk of disorder.
- Significant associations were found between CSA and higher reports of domestic violence, rape, sexual problems, mental health problems, low self-esteem, and problems with intimate relationships. CSA involving intercourse was associated with the highest risk of disorder.
- Significant associations were found between CSA and increased rates of personality disorders during early adulthood.
- Among those sexually abused as children, odds of suicide attempts were 2-4 times higher among women and 4-11 times higher among men, compared with those not abused, after controlling for other adversities.
There is a significant relationship between childhood sexual abuse and the majority of mood, anxiety and substance abuse disorders. CSA victims were twice as likely as non-abused controls to suffer one or more mental disorders.
- Significant associations were found between CSA and higher levels of psychopathology, along with higher rates of substance abuse and suicidal behavior. A dose-response relationship was found with those suffering the most severe forms of abuse having the greatest level of psychopathology.
- Significant associations were found between CSA and meeting diagnostic criteria for at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder, especially substance abuse disorders, major depression, phobia, panic disorder, and antisocial personality.
Info from this link: The Leadership Council